Scots (Go to English translation)
Scots is a leid that awns kinrent wi English and a muckle dale o thon leid’s vocabular. Doon the centuries it has kythed apairt fae English and has wrocht oot its ain byordinar grammatical kenmerks, syntax and vocabular.
By the 15t century, Scots wis the leid o the State and wis the heidmaist leid used by the Coorts and Pairliament. State records were scrievit in Scots and the leid wis the speak o ilka body in Scotland that didna hae the Gaelic. Different airts had different soonds but the harigals and hert o the leid wis the same.
Frae as early as the 15t century, Scots has been a pouerfu medium for expression for scrievers and makars the like o Robert Henryson (c1430-1506), Robert Burns (1759-1796), Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), William Dunbar (c1465-1520), Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894), Lewis Grassic Gibbon (1901-1935) and Hugh MacDiarmid (1892-1978).
Scots tint its official status and muckle o its poust for o a puckle o factors. Thir includit the introduction o an English translation o the Bible, the flittin o the Royal Coort tae London in 1603, and the Pairliamentary Union o 1707. Thir factors contributit tae perceptions o the leid as an ‘orra’ form o English.
This chynged the wey Scots were educatit. Bairns were learnit ainly in English and mony schuils flytit the uiss o Scots. In mair recent times the uiss o English in the braidcast media has addit til the devaul in the status o Scots.
In spite o thir dunts, Scots aye continues tae flouer and adapt baith as a spoken and a literary leid. The daw o the 21st century has seen a cantlin o confidence and interest in Scots, and there are strang indications that folk want tae ken mair aboot Scots and are no ill-hertit towards it.
Modern Scots expressions and forms o speak are aye in uiss ilka day. It continues tae gie fushion tae contemporary sang, drama and literature. Scots wis recently recognised by the European Union unner the Universal Declaration o Linguistic Richts, that receivit official sanction by UNESCO in June 1996.